Waco, Texas History in Pictures

Welcome to Waco, Texas History in Pictures!

We are glad you are here! Please visit our Galleries, photo albums that record the rich history of Waco. Click the main photo to see the contents of each gallery, then click the individual photo to enlarge and read the photo credit. And feel free to SHARE via your social media. Each gallery will grow, and new galleries will be added regularly, so check back often. To stay up-to-date, please follow our Waco Blog.

Our cover photo showing the historic Waco Suspension Bridge and our hometown is by Waco photographer Mark Randolph, and appears courtesy of Mark Randolph/City of Waco.

We exist to preserve the history and memories of Waco, Texas. There are many photos on this site, and we have made every effort to identify the original photographer and source of each photo. We do not own the copyright on any of these photos, and they are used here for non-commercial, educational, fair use. Please contact the photographer or contributor for their terms of use before sharing or making prints.

If you feel that YOUR copyright has been violated, or if you were not properly credited for a photo shown on this page, please contact us at wacotexashistoryinpictures@gmail.com. Copyright claims are taken seriously. If you hold the copyright to content posted here and notify us, the content will be removed immediately.

We welcome you to join our family of Facebook Groups: “Waco, Texas History in Pictures”; “The Old Lake Waco and Dam”; “Historical Bosqueville, Texas”; “The 1953 Waco Tornado Memorial” and our Facebook Pages: “Waco, Texas: That’s My Hometown”; “Waco, Texas Centennial:1849-1949”; “Waco, Texas:African American Heritage”; and “Bosqueville-China Spring, Texas: Now and Then”.

We are thankful for our friends at The Texas Collection, Historic Waco Foundation, Waco McLennan County Library, Waco History , Waco Masonic Lodge No. 92, and the Texas State Historical Association who have been preserving Waco history for a long time, and have been so helpful to us. Visit their websites for more information about our great city!

We are not affiliated with the City of Waco.

Happy Birthday, Dr Pepper!

Happy Birthday to Dr Pepper!

The U.S. Patent Office recognizes December 1, 1885, as the first time Dr Pepper was served. Right here in Waco, Texas! All of these photos are from our group album “Waco Bottling Companies”, and photo credits are given there.

The following text is from https://www.thoughtco.com/history-of-dr-pepper-4070939

The history of Dr Pepper dates back to the late 1880s. In 1885, in Waco, Texas, a young pharmacist called Charles Alderton invented the soft drink “Dr Pepper,” a carbonated soft drink marketed as having a unique flavor.

Alderton worked at a place called Morrison’s Old Corner Drug Store and carbonated drinks were served at the soda fountain. Alderton invented his own recipes for soft drinks and found one of his drinks was becoming very popular. His customers originally asked for the drink by asking Alderton to shoot them a “Waco”.

Morrison, owner of the drug store, is credited with naming the drink “Dr Pepper” after a friend of his, Dr. Charles Pepper. Later in the 1950s, the period was removed from the “Dr Pepper” name.

As demand grew Alderton and Morrison had trouble manufacturing enough “Dr Pepper” for their customers. Then in stepped, Robert S. Lazenby, Lazenby owned The Circle “A” Ginger Ale Company in Waco and was impressed with “Dr Pepper”. Alderton did not want to pursue the business and manufacturing end of soft drinks and agreed that Morrison and Lazenby should take over and become partners.

The Dr Pepper Company
The U.S. Patent Office recognizes December 1, 1885, as the first time Dr Pepper was served.

In 1891, Morrison and Lazenby formed the Artesian Mfg. & Bottling Company, which later became the Dr Pepper Company.

The Old Cornerstone Drugstore on the northeast corner of Austin Avenue and Fourth Street. From The Texas Collection, Baylor University.
Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at the Texas Collection, Baylor University.

Yearbooks for Sale

Yearbooks for Sale

We have extra copies of old yearbooks and a few panoramic school photos available for purchase from
Baylor University
Bosqueville School
Lakeview
Midway High School and Jr. High
Richfield High School
Texas A&M University
Waco High School
West Jr. High (in Waco).

These yearbooks are $ 25.00 each unless otherwise indicated. Price is for local pick-up. 15.00 additional to ship.

For info or to order, contact us at wacotexashistoryinpictures@gmail.com

BAYLOR ROUNDUP
1949
1962

BOSQUEVILLE SCHOOL
1987
1990
1991
1993
1995
1996
1999
2002
2003
2008
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020

LAKEVIEW BULLDOG
1950 (75.00)

MIDWAY
Panther’s Paw
1968
1969
Jr. High 1978

RICHFIELD HIGH SCHOOL
Aries
1963
1964
1964 Graduating class panoramic photo (15.00)
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1971
1973
1976 (2)
1978

TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY
1949
1950
1951
1953
1971
1980

WACO HIGH SCHOOL
The Daisy Chain
1917
1926
1930
1934
1935
1938
1958
1961 Graduating class panoramic photo (15.00)
1977
1988
1990

WEST JUNIOR HIGH (WACO)
1924

The Provident Building

FRANKLIN AVENUE THROUGH THE YEARS

400 Block of Franklin, looking east from Tom Padgitt Co, 1947.

The large building shown across the street is The Provident Building.

(The very spot where Mr. Blaize is standing was hit hard by the 1953 tornado.)

On the left side of the picture, Palace Grill was at 421 Franklin. Texas Seed Company was at 417-19.Little Bobs Cleaners was at 415. Cox’s Cafe was at 413. Henson’s Printing was at 411.

On the right side: Radio City was at 414. Appel Insurance was at 412. Jones Drugs was at 404.

Photo taken by Harry Blaize. From the Harry Blaize Photographic Collection, The Waco-McLennan County Public Library.

The Texas Cotton Palace

These are two amazing portraits I saw at the Helen Marie Taylor Museum at 701 Jefferson this last Saturday. What an amazing day! Saturday, September 10, was a monumental day for Waco History lovers!

This is a Cotton Palace Queen and King. If there was an information placard for these two photos. I missed it. Not only are the costumes magnificent, but the backdrops are beautiful as well.

The Texas Cotton Palace Cornerstone

“Cornerstone from the main building of the Texas Cotton Palace, moved in 1940 and mounted on a seven-foot slab of gray Georgian granite. It stood at the apex of Lovers Leap in Cameron Park until 1995.”- The Helen Marie Taylor Museum.

Note: According to surrounding info cards at the museum, Albert T. Clifton had the cornerstone moved to Cameron Park in 1940. He had been the President of the Cotton Palace 1910-1911. Henry Dietz of Dietz Memorial repaired the cornerstone and had it moved to the museum in 1995. — at Helen Marie Taylor Museum.

This cornerstone is a part of the Texas Cotton Palace collection at the Helen Marie Taylor Museum.

Gildersleeve’s Views of Camp MacArthur

GILDERSLEEVE’S VIEWS OF CAMP MACARTHUR

In 1917, renowned Waco photographer Fred Gildersleeve published a collection of ten photo postcards that were bound into a small booklet. The booklet was 3.5” x 6”, and printed on card stock. Each card was perforated for easy removal. The back of each card was divided, with the left side dedicated for a personalized message and the right side for the address. There is a note on the dividing line that says “Post Cards of Quality—Gildersleeve”. We were able to acquire this booklet in August of 2022. It is in almost pristine condition, with no post cards missing. All of these photos are by Fred Gildersleeve, and are a part of the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.

For more information about Camp MacArthur and Rich Field, follow our companion Facebook page “Waco: Texas: Camp MacArthur & Rich Field” at https://www.facebook.com/wacotexasww1/

Front cover of postcard booklet. Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.
Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.
Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.
Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.
Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.
Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.
Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.
Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.
Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.
Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.
Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.
Photo by Fred Gildersleeve. From the Gildersleeve-Conger Collection at The Texas Collection, Baylor University.

Deaths at the Cameron Park Bridge

The Tragic Deaths of
Fay Clanton and George B. Smith
Cameron Park Bridge
December 19, 1915

(Fay Clanton and his friend George Smith were killed at the bridge that crosses Wilson Creek in Cameron Park, just north of the present-day Herring Avenue Bridge. This is a photo of the bridge that was upstream at Lindsey Hollow, but a similar “rustic bridge” existed before the more solid concrete bridge was built, and it must have looked a lot like this one. This photo is from the 2010 book by Mark Firmin “William Cameron Park: A Centennidl History 1910-2010.”)

TWO LIVES CLAIMED WHEN HURTLING CAR JUMPS OVER BRIDGE
December 20, 1915,
The Waco Morning News

Fay Clanton and George B. Smith, Waco young men, instantly killed when auto shoots twenty feet into ravine.

TRAGEDY IN CAMERON PARK
George Nettles, Driving High-Powered Roadster, Escapes With Painful Injuries-Turns Too Sharply At Foot Of Steep Hill-Clanton Funeral Today, Ship Smith’s Body To Arkansas.

Fast speed, a long incline, a high bridge and a powerful roadster proved too much of a combination for George Nettles, driving two friends for a joy spin in Cameron Park yesterday at 1:10pm and as a result Fay Clanton and George B. Smith, prominent young men of Waco, were instantly killed and Nettles was seriously injured but will recover. After a Trojan attempt to right his car after getting at the base of the long but sharp hill leading from the Country club over the rustic bridge into the heart of the park, the momentum of the big eight-cylinder roadster was too much for the driver’s strength and it shot through two heavy balustrades for a sheer twenty feet to the bottom of the ravine below. A speeding car in front of the Nettles machine seemed to cause the first swerve before reaching the bridge and the speed and sliding made the situation unmanageable.

Hurtling from the edge of the bridge, the car seemed to nose its radiator into the root-covered bank and then fall bottom upwards, pinning the three occupants underneath. The heavy machine had to be turned completely over in order to extricate the three bodies. Smith’s head was crushed by the car as it hit the bank, and Clanton’s neck was broken by the crash. Nettles was in a way protected by the two bodies and escaped miraculously with a shattered arm and a deep bruise on his forehead. He is in the Provident sanitarium.

The big car, which was a gift to Nettles from his mother, was practically a complete wreck and when turned over sank deeply into the soft bed of the little creek. Hundreds of visitors crowded to the scene after the news of the accident spread over the city. Sunday pleasure motorists flocked to the spot all during the afternoon.

Park Employe Hears Crash
Two employes of the park were the first to the scene of the accident. One of the men was driving a sprinkler at the top of the hill and hearing the crash after two cars whizzed by by, ran down to the bridge. He could do nothing but kick open one of the doors of the car, which gave fresh air to Nettles in the almost air-tight compartment which the bank had made with the tonneou. He then ran to the corner of Herring Avenue and Fifth Street, over two blocks, to a telephone. Chief of Police Guy McNamara rushed to the scene in his private roadster, and after getting some reinforcements from the Casino, was able to turn the car over and release Nettles and extricate the two bodies.
Chief McNamara said the motor of the overturned car was still running when he got to the machine. The casings of the machine showed that the driver had made a heroic attempt to prevent the accident by using the emergency brake. Heavy wheel tracks in hard gutter of the driveway and the burned casing rubbed into the bridge timbers told their own tale of the accident.

In accounting for the swerve from the right railings, B. C. Nettles, well-known automobile dealer of Waco and brother to the driver, said that George had been used to an older machine with considerable play in the steering gear, and that he probably turned the steering wheel too far unconsciously under the stress of the situation.

Clanton Funeral Today
The funeral of Fay Clanton will be held at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. C. J. Clanton, 1009 South Seventh Street, at 3 o’clock this afternoon. The body of George Smith will be shipped to Wilmer, Arkansas for burial and the father will arrive this afternoon to accompany the body.

Clanton was a young Waco boy, of a prominent family and one of the favorites in the younger set. He was 22 years old. After receiving his high school education in the city schools, young Clanton began working for the Rotan Candy factory, of which his father is the manager. He was a salesman for the company, and a member of Waco Traveling Men’s Association.

Smith was local manager of the Oriental Oil Company and had many friends here in the city. He was considered to be a young man with a promising future before him in connection with his company.

Rev. John A. Morris, pastor of the Fifth Street Methodist church, and Rev. J.A. Whitehurst, presiding elder of this district, will conduct the funeral services at the Clanton residence this afternoon. Interment will follow in the Oakwood Cemetery.

The active pall bearers are: Frank Wood, Carlie Ettleson, T. H. Boyd, Edwind Drake, Jr, Bob Montgomery, Leonard Stone: Honorary: H. H. Shear, M. M. Catton, J. E. Ivey, Charles B. Ivey, J. S. McClintock, C. W. Wilson, Winfrey Barnes, O. H. Weisinger, Will St. Clair, J. W. Barnett, W. N. Morand.

It is estimated that more than a thousand visitors viewed the two bodies in the L. C. Puckett undertaking parlors yesterday afternoon.

Hobo Jane, Hobo Jungle, and February Ice

By Paul Holder

Longtime Waco resident recalls growing up in South Waco.


It was the coldest night in the recorded history of Waco (February 12,1949).
In Alaska the night met the standards to fall in the “three dog” category. We lived in a small, quite small, house at 2705 Clay in Waco. There was a kitchen-dining room, a master room (living room-bedroom combination), a bathroom and an almost uninhabitable storage room on the north side. The storage room did have a bed, but it was also blessed with broken window panes and no gas outlet for a space heater. The room bore the brunt of the north wind. In fact, there was only one space heater in the house. Fortunately, it was in the master room. The master room had both my parents’ bed and mine. Unfortunately, my mother would not allow the heater to be on after we went to bed. She maintained that restriction for all 99 years of her life. Yes, my friends, warmth was an issue. The house had no insulation and if the wind was blowing the wallpaper would vibrate cacophonous melodies. On that night my parents slept with  “Rotten Egg,” a grungy looking cat who held the distinction of being their first pet. A year later his mysterious disappearance brought forth fruitless searches for this valuable family member. On that night our dog Sport and Kitty Baby shared my bed. In the storage room bed my Uncle Bob (mom’s brother) managed to make it through the night while praying the weather would be better on his next visit. His presence would prove to be a blessing for me.


Memories in some ways are the last vestiges of life. They assert powerful declarations of life. There is so much truth to “carpe diem.” Reflecting on that cold night and other similar ones two basic thoughts are so pervasive: (1) in the days after cold/cold nights I was always tired. I was in my teens before I realized that sleeping under tons of cloth and cotton did not generate vigor. God Bless my grandmother Nancy Ida McKamie for the labor and love she poured into each of her quilts! (2) while there were some detriments to the quilts, I still fondly remember creating a warm spot in the bed. Moving from that warm cocoon was dangerous because I was surrounded by cold, but if I moved my leg a little, I could expand my warm spot in this hostile environment.


Uncle Bob was helping build B-36 bombers in Ft Worth. He brought me a frameable photo of the bomber which I have cherished for over seventy years. The next morning we awoke to see that it had snowed most of the night and there were icicles hanging from the roof eaves. This was an entirely new world for this five-year-old. Mom made some snow ice cream. “God is in His Heaven and all is right with the world.” Bob said he was going to cross the street to Louis and Ona Durrett’s house. Ona was my aunt, and she had lived in Canada and the Yakima region of Washington. When he came back across the street he was pulling something. That something was a sled. We walked up to 28th and Clay. To the north of Clay is Webster and at that point, Webster is probably 60 feet lower than Clay. If you go down 28th and make a sweeping right turn onto Webster you will drop another 20 feet before you hit 26th street. More fun than I had ever experienced and my kindly uncle consented to two more trips.


My dad had helped run his grandfather’s grocery store in Wannville, Alabama. In 1948 he changed the garage of our small house into a very small grocery store. In 1948 most households were one auto homes. Every day grocery items like milk, bread, cigarettes, snuff, toilet paper, eggs and many items I left out could be found at Holder’s Grocery and Market. One customer joked the store was so small that he and his wife would not fit in it at the same time. We certainly expected very few people to stop that day. One of the few who did was “Hobo Jane.”


Hobo Jane was the “Queen” of the Tramp Shack. I am well-aware that the term is not politically correct, but it is historically correct. There were four tramps who lived in a very small sheet metal abode on the southwest corner where 26th street meets the MKT(Katy) tracks. Jane was the only woman in the group. She was a single woman living with three single men, but dominated what happened there. From musings of my father, I suspect she was in her late thirties, but her face was “weather worn” and revealed furrows as deep as those of ranch hands who fought the sun all day. Her vision stayed largely focused on the place for the next step, severely limiting her eye-contact with others. She had seen parts of the US from a boxcar. Women hobos were very rare. My dad rode boxcars from Northern Alabama to Los Angeles and back. He indicated he had never seen a woman riding the rails. I have always thought this was a factor in their friendship. On that icy February day Hobo Jane climbed up the ice/snow covered hill on 26th street and entered our store. She purchased a package of Camels, some snuff, a roll of toilet paper and a loaf of bread. Of course, the items were “charged.” Jane wanted to know about a big empty carboard box she spotted. Dad immediately gave it to her, She ripped one side from the box. At that point she said, “Boy, come with me.” A glance at my dad proved to be permission to do as told. She never knew me by my street name (Bedo). I was always “boy.” When we got to the corner of 26th and Clay she sat down in the box. I was told to push. It is a moment that will always be a part of me. There was a tremendous morphing. Suddenly she looked like the teen-age girl headed out to the prom. She smiled at me and yelled and I pushed. She was aglow. Whatever demons haunting her were cast aside. She nearly made it home in her cardboard vehicle. In fact, I think the cardboard box worked as well as my aunt’s sled. At the base of the hill she stood up and waved a “thank you” to me. It was somewhere about this time that my dad stopped using the term “tramp” to reference the four who lived there.


The home for these four was no larger than many bedrooms. I’m certain there was no more than 150 square feet under the roof. The shed/shack was apparently built in the late 1930s. One of the Cameron Mills workers who walked approximately a half-mile to work each day (Mr. Richards) attested the building had been there for as long as he had worked there. He was employed in 1939. There was a large back porch, and in nice weather there would be one or two sleeping there. The house was made of tin and boasted only one window. Facing toward Waco Creek, the window undoubtedly offered a nice view of the beauty of that section of the creek. There was no running water. Waco Creek supplied that, or in warm weather there was a hydrant at the Bell’s Hill Baseball Park. Unfortunately the baseball field was two blocks away. No gas. No phone. “Officially” there was no electricity; however, most of us thought they somehow had managed a non-metered tie to the adjacent electric lines. There was no plumbing. Yes, there was an outhouse, and the putrid smell of human waste greeted anyone getting near the abode. In the time I remember no one had an auto for most of those years. The creek provided Sun Perch and a little farther upstream by Little Lake was that minute flow of water known as Holder’s Creek. Holder’s Creek still flows into Waco Creek by the old Baylor track stadium. I suspect it has no more flow than the flow generated by having both of your hot and cold waterspouts open. It still flows but is encased in concrete. At one time there were more crayfish there than anywhere else. Yes, anywhere else!


One day Jane told us there was a new boarder. He was hostile, and they were trying to oust him from their presence. One night the matter degenerated into violence. The newer dweller prevailing. She also mentioned he had referenced our little store and my mother in very negative terms. Dad was working for Mid-Tex Motors (Buick). He was torn between going to work and standing guard at the store. Leaving mom by herself was a scary proposition. I still remember the discussion over the kitchen table that night. We needed the money. The next day the loser in the “Tramp Shack” fight came to the store with a warning about the pure evilness of the man. Within a week the dark side presence walked into the store and wanted credit. Mom said “no.” She sent me next door to get Mr. Beard. Mr. Beard could be our “hero.” Well, there was a problem with that.

Mr. Beard was probably eighty years old. I loved him dearly. He was another grandfather to me. He had promised he was going to get me a horse. In truth he might could have done that. His daughter had married well and now owned a large ranch near Roswell, New Mexico. Yes, her place was within twenty miles of the “alien incident.” Yes, she was a believer. When it rained, my dog Sport and I would hurry next door to sit on his porch. It was from Mr. Beard that I learned that thunder is caused by clouds bumping heads. Yes, I will stand behind that explanation. I rushed into the store with Mr. Beard only a couple of paces behind me. Efforts to engage the potentially hostile actor produced virtually no responses, but Mr. Beard kept talking. Fortunately, the Pure Milk truck with Dub Corbell showed up a few minutes later. A sigh of relief could be heard from mom as the new Tramp Shack resident silently left the store. There was no real incident, but I’ve always thought it was a close call. Mr. Beard, Dub, Jane, and the other resident who warned us, if you guys are reading this-from your Heavenly perch…Thank you once again!


The “Tramp Shack” provided protection from the elements. Jane said that the minus 5 degrees was not felt where that wood stove was blazing, but about three blocks down the tracks men were seeking warmth and protection from the ice in cardboard shelters. This was Waco’s western Hobo Jungle. There was an East side Hobo Jungle next to the Katy Railroad shop. On some nights Jane’s door would be open for a hobo to escape the elements. Approximately two years later the heat from that wood stove burned down the “the Tramp Shack.” Jane was nowhere to be found. She simply disappeared. Well not exactly. Approximately a month later she showed up at Holder’s Grocery and Market to pay her debt. I was not there , but she reportdly asked about “the boy.” As I think you can tell I have nothing but fond memories of her.


In 1931 my father Fraser Clarence Holder had “hit the rails.” The causal variable for those trips was “necessity”. Five of the Holder clan scraped out a living primarily on the shoulders of dad’s older brother Gordon. Gordon was a self-employed auto mechanic. My grandmother Tempe was a “decent” seamstress. The chickens did their part, and a goat provided some milk. An older cousin had made money in land investment and promised they would not starve, but the family was in ” survival mode.” My grandfather had left the family and sought the comfort of others. My father was 18 . Steady employment eluded him. The only realistic plans for gainful employment were not in Wannville, nor Fackler, nor Stevenson, nor Scottsboro. The surrounding vicinity offered little hope. Perhaps there was a chance in Huntsville or Chattanooga. Those efforts went for naught. There was a cousin in Central Oklahoma. He was in law enforcement and actually was in position to hire, or so it was thought. Finding his way across 900 miles of America proved fruitless. The cousin suggested dad hit the rails again and head to California. Though from Alabama he became another “Okie” headed for the Golden State. In L.A. he managed to get a night watchman’s position within a week and was terminated ten days later. Subsequent efforts at employment produced only negative results. He returned to “Sweet Home Alabama” with $3.00 to his name. The experience was visited often by my father in his discussions with others and had a profound effect on his view of life. Dad was gruff on the outside but in reality mighty tender. Indeed I suspect the friendship between my dad and Jane probably was generated by this experience.


Jack Dempsey, William O. Douglas, Louis L.’ Amour, Jack London, Robert Mitchum, George Orwell, and Carl Sandburg all spent time “hoboing”. Why would someone choose this life? Perhaps it was economic necessity. Certainly, my father’s year on the rails would fit there. Although I’m not certain, I believe Jane was escaping from some personal disappointment or horror. Others may be escaping the law. Still others may yearn for the freedom and independence provided. Of course, there is always the thought that the “boxcars” offered a way to see the world. Whatever the reason hobos developed a lifestyle widely emulated in the 1930’s. In Waco, hobos knew there was a place to spend the night along Waco Creek. Hobo Jungle existed from the east side of Cameron Mills to the county garage on South 20th. The “”Jungle’s” northern side was the Cotton Belt Railroad and the southern side was the “Katy”. Many of the “visitors” to the “jungle” would stay for a prolonged period. I was always afraid to visit the village as a loner, so if I visited I was accompanied by at least two buddies. The “jungle” reeked from the smell of human waste. The odor was negated some by the nearby Rainbo Bakery, Youngblood’s fried chicken, and the Cookie bakery( Weston’s) at 20th and Franklin. Years later when the cookie plant shut down, some hobos found shelter within the abandoned bakery. There were no hostile clashes between us and the hobos, but there was one incident that brought shivers to my 12 year old body.


It is 1956, and Duane Hart, Garland Dunkin and I had visited the hobos. We were walking on the Katy tracks. Yes, we were walking on the tracks. A standard practice by all of my friends was to see who could walk a rail the longest. Somewhere further to the west on the rails we ran into a hobo squatting between the rails. I can almost swear that he was covered by and projected a dark sinister aura. Our “hellos” were met by a deafening silence! He glared at us with a horrid face that would make Manson look angelic. We did not run but accelerated our walking speed. Perhaps he was not evil, but I still envision him as a fugitive from justice for some evil act. Caesar Lombrosso (the father of criminology) believed that he could tell a criminal just by looking at him. I believe this man could make Lombrosso’s case!


Oh, that February night while I warmed a spot on the mattress, while Jane probably broke into a sweat from the wood stove, the hobos were in a much tougher situation. In their “jungle” there were no permanent structures. There were no utilities. There were primarily cardboard lined enclaves into and frequently under the brush. While a few provided some added protection with boards across the top, most simply offered cardboard and a few limbs placed to fend off the precipitation. Very little shelter against the cold, the sleet, snow and any heavy rain. Usually there was a small dug out area-about a two foot in diameter and no more than about 6 inches deep in front of the shelter. The small pit would be enclosed by a ring of limestone rocks. Yes, fires would be built. To my knowledge hobos successfully managed those flames for over 20 years.


Well, there you have it. I suspect that other writers will provide some info on the Hobo Jungle, but I rather doubt that Jane has ever received any ink, nor would I expect much in the future, but she was important to some-including this one. Perhaps some local historian one hundred years from now will be fascinated by my stringing words together about her. God Bless!

Paul Holder

Waco, Texas

June 1, 2022

This photo is by Hobo “Shoestring” and is not associated with Waco or this story.
Visit his account on Flickr.